When do we use the adjective endings ‘ed’ and ‘ing’?
We make many adjectives from verbs in English. For example, interested and interesting come from the verb ‘to interest’, and excited and exciting come from the verb ‘to excite’. But when do we use the adjective endings ‘ed’ and ‘ing‘? In this post we’re going to look at adjectives and how to decide which ending to use.
We’ll start by reading this dialogue. Two friends are discussing what films they’ve seen and comparing opinions.
Vally: Have you seen Bladerunner: The Director’s Cut? I thought it was so much more exciting than the first version, didn’t you?
Juan: Exciting? I was bored stiff! I’m just not interested in science fiction. I’ll tell you a film I really loved, though – The English Patient. It was so moving – I cried at the end.
Vally: Well, I wasn’t moved at all – it was just a load of sentimental rubbish!
Juan: How can you say that? It was great! And another good film I’ve seen recently was Iris – you know, the one about that writer who got Alzheimer’s disease?
Vally: Oh yes, that was good, but it was so depressing, wasn’t it?
Juan: No, I thought it was really very positive. Well, have you seen the second part of The Lord of the Rings yet?
Vally: You mean The Two Towers? Yes, it’s brilliant!
Juan: Oh, did you think so? I was quite disappointed – I expected it to be better.
Vally: Really? It’s true that it was a bit confusing at times, trying to decide who was who, but I loved it.
Juan: And what about the Harry Potter films? I was surprised at how good they are – great special effects and they’re really quite amusing. They made me laugh a lot.
Vally: Yes – I can’t wait for the next one. Well, at least we’ve got one thing in common then!
First answer these questions:
- Have Vally and Juan usually got the same taste in films?
- Find an expression that means very, very bored
- Now find a word that means emotional, touching
(Answers at the bottom of the page, but don’t look yet!
Now look at these extracts from the dialogue:
It was so much more exciting
It was so moving
It was so depressing
It was a bit confusing
They’re really quite amusing
I was bored
I’m just not interested
I wasn’t moved at all
I was quite disappointed
I was surprised
Complete these sentences to form the rules about using the adjective endings ‘ed’ and ‘ing’:
4. When we talk about things or people that make us feel something, we use the adjective ending ____.
5. But when we talk about how we feel, we use the adjective ending ____.
So now you’re ready to try the mini-test: Adjective endings: ‘ed’ and ‘ing’
Answers: 1. No! 2. bored stiff 3. moving 4. ‘ing’ 5. ‘ed’