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Vocabulario: Las Terminaciones Adjetivas ‘ed’ e ‘ing’

Terminaciones de adjetivos 'ed' o 'ing'

Vocabulario: Las terminaciones adjectivas «ed’ e «ing»

En inglés, muchos adjetivos se forman a partir de verbos. Por ejemplo, interested y interesting vienen del verbo ‘to interest’, mientras que excited y exciting vienen del verbo ‘to excite’. Pero, ¿cómo sabemos cuándo utilizar las terminaciones adjetivas ‘ed’ e ‘ing’? En esta entrada vamos a ver los adjetivos y cómo decidir qué terminación utilizar.

Empezaremos leyendo este diálogo. Dos amigos discuten sobre las películas que han visto y comparan sus opiniones.

Vally: Have you seen Bladerunner: The Director’s Cut? I thought it was so much more exciting than the first version, didn’t you?

Juan: Exciting? I was bored stiff! I’m just not interested in science fiction. I’ll tell you a film I really loved, though – The English Patient. It was so moving – I cried at the end.

Vally: Well, I wasn’t moved at all – it was just a load of sentimental rubbish!

Juan: How can you say that? It was great! And another good film I’ve seen recently was Iris – you know, the one about that writer who got Alzheimer’s disease?

Vally: Oh yes, that was good, but it was so depressing, wasn’t it?

Juan: No, I thought it was really very positive. Well, have you seen the second part of The Lord of the Rings yet? 

Vally: You mean The Two Towers? Yes, it’s brilliant!

Juan: Oh, did you think so? I was quite disappointed – I expected it to be better.

Vally: Really? It’s true that it was a bit confusing at times, trying to decide who was who, but I loved it.

Juan: And what about the Harry Potter films? I was surprised at how good they are – great special effects and they’re really quite amusing. They made me laugh a lot.

Vally: Yes – I can’t wait for the next one. Well, at least we’ve got one thing in common then!

Primero responde a estas preguntas:

¿Vally y Juan suelen tener el mismo gusto cinematográfico?

Encuentra una expresión que signifique muy, muy aburrido

Ahora busca una palabra que signifique emotivo, conmovedor

(Las respuestas se encuentran al final de la página, ¡pero no mires todavía!

Ahora mira estos extractos del diálogo:

It was so much more exciting  

It was so moving   

It was so depressing     

It was a bit confusing

They’re really quite amusing    

I was bored

I’m just not interested

I wasn’t moved at all

I was quite disappointed

I was surprised

Completa estas frases para formar las reglas de uso de las terminaciones adjetivas «ed» e «ing»:

4. Cuando hablamos de cosas o personas que nos hacen sentir algo, utilizamos la terminación adjetiva ____.

5. Pero cuando hablamos de cómo nos sentimos, utilizamos la terminación adjetiva ____.

Así que ya estás preparado para hacer el minitest: Las terminaciones adjetivas: «ed» e «ing»

Vocabulary Mini-Test: Adjective Endings '-ed' or '-ing'?

Choose the correct adjective to complete the sentences.

1 / 12

My brother’s wedding service was really __________. Everyone cried.

2 / 12

I couldn’t understand the grammar. I was totally __________.

3 / 12

Sally works for ten hours a day, so it’s not __________ that she fell asleep on the bus.

4 / 12

He was very __________ to fail all his exams.

5 / 12

Silvia's very funny! She tells lots of __________ stories.

6 / 12

I can’t eat this – it’s really __________!

7 / 12

This is a really __________ job.

8 / 12

I’m so ___________ after all that work!

9 / 12

She was very __________  by the terrible news.

10 / 12

Don’t invite Paul to the party – he’s so __________!

11 / 12

He was really __________ when he lost his job.

12 / 12

I saw a really __________ programme yesterday.

Tu puntación es

0%

Para saber más sobre el formato y los tipos de preguntas del examen, ve a Test de Vocabulario Aptis: Prueba 1.

Y para practicar más puntos específicos de vocabulario, Hacer: Make o Do?

 

Respuestas: 1. No! 2. aburrido y tieso 3. moviéndose 4. ‘ing’ 5. ‘ed’

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