Uses of the Present Perfect
There are three main uses of the present perfect tense:
- to talk about experiences in our lives so far.
- to talk about things that started in the past and are still the case now.
- to talk about the recent past and to give news.
You’ll find a more detailed look at these three uses in our Grammar Reference section. You can either read this before, to help you do the exercises, or after, to explain any mistakes you may have made. Both ways have their good points!
Uses of the Present Perfect 1: Past Simple or Present Perfect?
A common problem with the present perfect is knowing when to stop using it and change to the past simple. Sometimes this is because the use of these two tenses may be different in your own language, for example in Spanish. So lots of practice is a good idea!
When we use the present perfect to talk about our experiences, we never say when we did it, or when it happened to us. If we want to give more details, we have to switch to the simple past. Let’s practice this aspect of usage with the following worksheet.
In this worksheet make sure you use contractions in your answers, as they sound much more natural. So when you see a gap like this:
He ____________ (be) to Mexico
complete it with ‘s been, not has been.
When you finish, click on the blue ‘Finish’ button. Then click ‘Check my answers’ for instant feedback. If you make any mistakes, try again until you get it right! You can make the document full-size by clicking on the arrows to the left of the blue ‘Finish’ button.
Uses of the Present Perfect 2: For or Since?
Here we’re focusing on using the present perfect to talk about something that started in the past and is still the case now. Again, this is often different in other European languages, which tend to use the present simple in such cases. Another aspect that can be problematic is deciding when to use for and when to use since.
Don’t forget you can consult the Grammar Reference if you’re not sure of the rules.
Remember that you can make the document full size by clicking on the arrows to the left of the blue ‘Finish’ button.
NB. For those of you doing Aptis for Teachers, we’re including this link: https://www.liveworksheets.com/. It’s a very useful resource for teachers who want to create their own interactive class materials. We write our own exercises, then convert them to interactive worksheets using this website. You can find additional exercises to do there by typing in a search phrase. However, because that material is freely uploaded by teachers around the world, you need to know that other teachers’ materials may contain mistakes. We always make sure we double-check our exercises.
Present Perfect: More Key Words
There are other key words that we use with the present perfect as well as for and since. Think about already, just, still, yet, ever, never, how long, how much, how many times …
These can cause confusion, so here’s a mini-test to practise them.