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Gramática: Gerundio o Infinitivo?

Gerund or Infinitive

Gramática: Gerundio o Infinitivo?

¿Cómo saber si un verbo va seguido de gerundio o infinitivo? Bueno, no hay reglas fijas que nos digan qué verbos llevan gerundio (forma -ing), cuáles van seguidos de to + infinitivo y cuáles pueden adoptar ambas formas; sólo tienes que aprendértelas.

Leer es una buena manera de acostumbrarse a lo que suena bien o mal. Coge papel y boli y copia esta tabla:

Verbo + gerundio

Verbo + to + infinitivo

Ambos son posibles

Ahora lee el siguiente artículo y completa la tabla con los verbos en negrita. Te recomendamos que completes esta tabla también con los verbos que aparecen en los ejercicios siguientes. (Respuestas a pie de página)

Enjoy yourself!

When it comes to entertainment and ways to spend our free time, we’re faced with a wide range of options. Some people want to start their leisurely days with a walk in the park; I like listening to the birds as I stroll along. Others may prefer to sit down with a cup of coffee and a good book.

Many people enjoy attending live music concerts or seeing a play, while others might decide to take up a new hobby such as painting or cooking. And it’s never too late to start to study a language, or learn to play a musical instrument. Go swimming, or if you prefer playing team sports, join a football club. Why not offer to help out at your local community centre? Imagine being able to meet new people and do something useful at the same time!

OK, I admit that some aspects of entertainment aren’t much fun. Everyone hates queueing up for tickets, and having to put up with crowded venues or warm, overpriced beer. Yet we still like to get out of the house, and the world of entertainment promises to provide us with opportunities for relaxation and enjoyment. So don’t tell me you don’t have any free time – get out there and start having fun!

NOTA: like, love, dislike, hate, prefer

En inglés británico estos verbos van seguidos de verbo + ing, sustantivos plurales o sustantivos incontables. En inglés americano también es común usar to + infinitivo. En inglés británico utilizamos esta estructura sobre todo para decir que algo es una buena idea, más que para expresar disfrute. Por ejemplo:

When I have a flight to catch, I like to get to the airport two hours early (I don’t actually enjoy going to the airport early, but I think it’s a good idea)

Pero recuerda que siempre usamos to + infinitivo después de would like / would love / would prefer: I’d like to see you again, I’d love to live in a hot country, I’d prefer to stay at home tonight.

Práctica del gerundio o infinitivo

A. Sin mirar la tabla que has hecho, intenta completar las frases con la forma correcta del verbo entre paréntesis (en inglés británico). Después comprueba tus respuestas consultando la tabla.

  1. I offered __________ (give) her my ticket because I knew she loved __________ (go) to the theatre.
  2. She decided __________ (buy) Game of Thrones on DVD for her brother, because he’d wanted __________ (see) it for ages.
  3. Once I’ve downloaded the album, I promise __________ (burn) it onto a CD for you.
  4. He’s started __________ (speak) a little French, even though he hates __________ (study) languages.
  5. I’m learning __________ (play) the guitar and I’ve begun __________ (listen) to country music.
  6. I’d like __________ (see) the Cold Play tribute band, but I’d prefer __________ (go) to a Cold Play concert!

Para expresar preferencias generales, usamos prefer+ gerundio, mientras que para expresar una preferencia particular para el futuro, usamos would prefer + than + to + infinitivo:

I usually prefer going to the theatre than to the cinema, but tonight I’d prefer to see a film.

B. Ahora intenta completar las siguientes frases con estas formas verbales:

going, to go, performing, to become, listening, spending, to take, to help, helping

  1. Some singers try to avoid___________ live.
  2. Do you mind___________ me to book the tickets online?
  3. You can’t hope___________ a good musician if you don’t practise every day.
  4. Are you planning ___________ to the opening performance?
  5. He suggested___________ to the theatre on Saturday.
  6. They keep___________ to the same album – it’s driving me crazy!
  7. We agreed___________ him to the cinema on his birthday.
  8. She asked him ___________ her rehearse for the play.

Ahora añade los verbos en negrita a tu tabla de verbos y haz este test: ¿Gerundio o infinitivo?

Pasos siguientes

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Respuestas

Tabla original

Verbo + gerundio

imagine

enjoy

Verbo + to + infinitivo

want

decide

learn

offer

promise

Ambos son posibles

start

prefer

hate

like

A.

  1. I offered to give her my ticket because I knew she loved going to the theatre.
  2. She decided to buy The Matrix on DVD for her brother, because he’d wanted to see it for ages.
  3. When I finish downloading the album, I promise to burn it onto a CD for you.
  4. He’s started speaking/to speak a little French, even though he hates studying languages.
  5. I’m learning to play the guitar and I’ve begun listening/to listen to country music.
  6. I’d like to see the Oasis tribute band, but I’d prefer to go to an Oasis concert!

 

B

  1. Some singers try to avoid performing live.
  2. Do you mind helping me to book the tickets online?
  3. You can’t hope to become a good musician if you don’t practise every day.
  4. Are you planning to go to the opening performance?
  5. He suggested going to the theatre on Saturday.
  6. They keep listening to the same album – it’s driving me crazy!
  7. We agreed to take him to the cinema on his birthday.
  8. She asked him to help her rehearse for the play.

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